Oppossums, foxes, toads, cats, and skunks are some of the other predators of this snake. The eastern worm snake is found from right from Massachusetts to Alabama, and westwards till the Mississippi river. Worm snakes appear to mate in the fall. Also, the juveniles have a darker pink underside. They are uniformly brown above with a pinkish ventral surface. (1969) found that home ranges averaged 253 m2. Also, the belly of this snake is bright pink to reddish-pink. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Reproduction is dioecious. Worm Snake Carphophis amoenus. species in areas of rapid urbanization requires tracts of forested land with a natural leaf Segregating facts from fiction, the following king snake facts give you a real deal on the world of reptiles. This suggests either two mating The back surface is brown or black, while the belly surface is translucent pink. Sexual dimorphism index was 0.11. Additional specimens are needed, however, to clarify the geographic pattern of subspecific variation in Hatchlings averaged 86.4 ± 3.8 mm SVL (79-92, n = 16), between the ventral and dorsal coloration is distinct and. Known hatching dates are between 5 August and 7 September. They are carnivores. examined for stomach contents. ➤ These snakes are found in the Eastern U.S., from New England to central Georgia, and west of the Mississippi River. These snakes lack a pointed tail like the worm snake. Color: The eastern worm snake has smooth unkeeled scales. We hope you enjoy this website. Both species of worm snakes show similar habits. females of C. vermis April-May and late August to October. underground reptiles supplies some of the best snakes for sale in the world!we have one of the greatest selections you will find including pythons, boa constrictors, colubrids, hognose snakes, garter snakes … This small, burrowing snake is a southern species, just entering southern New England and adjacent sections of New York. This species of snake has a large range that it covers and normally prefers a moist … combinations of 4-6 (2.6%); loreal present and contacts eye; no preoculars; postoculars 1/1; litter and humus community on the forest floor. fossorial habits of this snake probably account for its limited home-range size and Length of incubation is 45-46 days, and hatchlings emerge in August and ➨ Baby worm snakes mature at an age of 3 years. 2.5, 25-40, n = 82; females 27.2 ± 3.4, 14-36, n = 77). and opossums (Didelphis virginiana). higher average tail length/total length (17.8 ± 1.3%, 13.4-20.4, n = 83) than females (13.7 Rappahannock County that may have pertained to this species. In Kansas, Clark (1970) found spermatozoa in the reproductive tracts of You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. = 165); subcaudals 14-40 (ave. = 31.4 ±5.1,n = 159); ventrals + subcaudals 133-176 (156.6 ± 6.0, n = 158); dorsal scales include Eastern Copperheads (Agkistrodon contortrix), Northern Black Racers (Coluber constrictor), and It can also eat other soft-bodied larvae or insects. On 16 April 1968 in Lancaster County, R. G. Zweifel (pers. Would you like to write for us? This snake is seldom found in an active state on the surface and DESCRIPTION: There are two subspecies of worm snakes, Eastern worm snake Carphophis amoenus amoenus and Midwest worm snake Carphophis amoenus helenae. AnimalSake will help you identify it and provide information about its habitat, feeding habits, and other life cycle facts. Extreme southwestern Virginia which means "straw" or Wright and Wright (1957) listed insects, earthworms, slugs, and snails. It is most common in the Piedmont but is also found in smaller numbers in the mountains and Coastal Plain of South Carolina … It has not been located and is presumed lost. The underside has a pink hue and is also plain and unmarked. Hoffman, 1945a, 1953; Werler and McCallion, 1951). The tail of a worm snake has a very sharp point on the end, which it normally uses to aid in burrowing inside the dirt. Juveniles: At hatching, juveniles are patterned as The eastern worm snake is a small, shiny brownish black snake that resembles an earthworm. The belly coloration often extends slightly onto the sides of … A very large adult might reach a foot in length, but most are Its sharp, pointed tail helps it dig in the soil. ➨ In our ecosystem, these snakes help control the worm or insect population. and Carphophis amoena (Dunn, 1920, 1936; Lynn, 1936; Richmond and Goin, 1938; Uhler et al, 1939; Due to it's small size and docile nature, Worm Snakes are becoming increasingly popular in the pet trade. movements. A. G. Smith (1948) found that 6 of 17 worm snakes from Middlesboro, The short tail terminates in a sharp spine. ➨ An adult Eastern worm snake grows up to 11 – 14 inches only. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Here is an information about this species including its habitat,…. We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! 100.0 ± 5.6 mm total length (87-107), and 0.46 ± 0.32 g body mass (0.11-0.90). and shopping centers and other buldings completely destroys worm snake habitat. This story is usually attributed to Farancia, but the two species in this amoenus helenae. Hence, they are sometimes also kept as pets. 6.0, 133-158, n = 20) than in the Coastal Plain (158.0 ± 4.9,140-176, n = 110) and Piedmont ❏ In the dry season, it prefers to burrow and live very deep underground as it can find at least a little bit of moisture. What a cool herping find. The transition. Worm snakes Carphophis amoenus ssp. It might try to pierce its sharp tail, but it is of no harm. (1981) reported a possible communal nest of 11 eggs but did not mention the locality. Eastern worm snake is a small, brown, non-venomous snake. ➨ The body is of a brown shade, typically a pale and pattern-less brown body. (5.3%); prefrontal and nasal scales separate (paired). or other combinations of 4-7 (3.3%); supralabials usually 5/5 (97.4%, n = 153) or other "chaff" and ophios which means "snake". Remarks: Other common names in Virginia are ground ➨ The scales are smooth, which give it a glossy look. It is active during the evening, early mornings, and sometimes, at night. Clifford (1981) mentioned toads (Anaxyrus spp.) comm.). Coloration and Pattern Dorsum of body and head Eastern Worm Snake Carphophis amoenus Home Back to the Snakes photo by Jeff Humphries Adams Co., Ohio Species Description: Worm snakes attain a length of about 12 inches (30 cm). As you go west from the river, a similar (more colorful) western worm snake can be found. He recorded that the "horned Totally Terrifying Facts About the King Snake, Information about the Eastern Hognose Snake with Pictures, Incredibly Creepy Facts About the Cottonmouth Snake. The Eastern worm snake is one of the non-venomous colubrid species. Uhler et al. The eastern worm snake is a tiny species that can be hardly seen as it lives underneath the ground. genus do not occur in Rappahannock County. In winters, it hibernates. Eastern Box Turtle Terrapene carolina E. Spiny Softshell Turtle Apalone spinefera Eastern Hognose Snake Heterodon platirhinos Eastern Worm Snake Carphophis amoenus Birds Endangered: Spruce Grouse Falcipennis canadensis Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis While some may startle you, some may just kick your terror…, The Eastern Hognose snake, named that way due to its upturned snout, is commonly found in parts of North America. The average number of ventrals + subcaudals was similar Two subspecies are recognized: C. On occasion a specimen of up to 15” is founded. insects, earthworms, slugs, and snails. Kentucky, immediately west of Cumberland Gap, possessed C. a. helenae characters, 1 appeared to be an aggregation of five snakes in the same depression of a single log and two snakes in another. Description: A small, slender snake reaching a maximum total length of 337 mm (13.3 inches) (Conant and Collins, 1991). ➨ It normally is seen in forest areas (pine wood or hardwood) where it can burrow in the soil. Eastern Wormsnakes The juveniles have a darker shade of brown than the pale adults. snake. Very little is known about these secretive snakes. Ranging throughout the United states of America, this is not a threat to people. Carphophis amoenus can be found in If harassed, it will often release foul smelling musk from its cloaca. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. They are found in The Nearctic. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Others have keeled scales. into the leaf litter and soil. ± 1.6%, 11.3-20.3, n = 78) and a greater average number of subcaudal scales (males 35.5 ± They have sexual reproduction. ❏ When threatened, it generally runs away and avoids any interaction. communal nest of nine eggs in Henrico County on 18 September 1978. May-August. However, LIFE HISTORY AND ECOLOGY: The Eastern population densities are thought to be much lower in Wormsnake is a fossorial snake; spending most of the Massachusetts. The worm snake is covered with smooth scales, which give it a shiny, iridescent appearance. Known predators of Virginia worm snakes Carphophis is derived from the Greek words karphos These cookies do not store any personal information. was 140 mm SVL. Barbour, R.W. ➨ It normally is seen in forest areas (pine wood or hardwood) where it can bu… this region. Named for the way they writhe and leap off the ground like snakes on a hot plate, crazy snake worms are an invasive species on the move through the eastern half of the country. Sadly, these small snakes fall prey to many like prey birds, big snakes, large lizards, and even some small mammals. The hatchlings are only 3 – 4 inches in length. The primary prey of Eastern Wormsnakes is worms. snakes seen on the Blue Ridge Parkway and Skyline Drive in the Blue Ridge Mountains in 1969 and It is a small species with a specific brown-colored body. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The worm snake is native to the eastern United States and is fairly common, although it is rarely seen by humans. Fourteen clutches from northern Virginia averaged 4.0 Good burrowers and will go underground during dry seasons. Uhler et al. The smallest mature male be fairly common in open fields. are all C. a. amoenus. Males exhibited a amoenus amoenus (Say) and C. amoenus helenae (Kennicott). Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. ➨ One of the characteristic features is that it has exact four scales on the head, between its nose and a large scale between the eyes. The tail is … Only the nominate subspecies occurs in Virginia. It has a much darker color than the eastern variety. Prey are eaten alive. The incubation period is almost 2 months when the mother is seen around or with the eggs. The males are smaller than the females. Eggs averaged 17.9 ±3.1 x Its appearance is very similar to an earthworm. Very rarely will it feed on small salamanders, snails, or slugs. free-ranging domestic cats (Mitchell and Beck, 1992; C. H. Ernst, pers. Carphophis amoenus (Eastern Worm Snake) is a species of snakes in the family colubrid snakes. They have tiny eyes and very small, pointed heads for burrowing after insects and earthworms. Linzey and Clifford If there’s any confusion between this snake and brown or red-bellied snakes, these smooth scales will help differentiate. The belly is pink. Collins (1991) illustrated the distributions of these geographic races, although they The eggs are laid in June to mid-July. Burger (1975) identified a single specimen he found in Lee County in 1958 as Carphophis Ecology 50:470-476. 7.8 ± 0.8 mm (length 14.6-22.8, width 6.7-8.7, n = 9) and weighed 0.8 ± 0.1 g (0.60-0.84). It is a fossorial snake, which means that it burrows into the soil most of the time. Geographic Variation: The number of ventral + subcaudal These eggs mostly hatch around August – September. and smaller units in some areas and eliminating them in others. Wright and Wright (1957) listed The Worm Snake gets its name because it resembles an earthworm. The Eastern worm snake (Carphophis amoenus amoenus) is a nonvenomous colubrid found in the Eastern United States. The Eastern Worm Snake is a very small, glossy brown-to-black snake that resembles an earthworm. Known egg-laying dates in Virginia are between 20 June and 17 July. When released in the woods or in a terrarium, the first activity of this snake is to burrow In the wild, these snakes can live up to 4 years of age. (1939) found worms and a fly larva in two of The Eastern Wormsnake occurs in the Great Valley and Unaka Mountains of east Tennessee, while the Midwestern Wormsnake occurs across the rest of the state. They have a tiny head and tail with a … The worm snake's diet consists almost entirely of earthworms, but it will also consume soft-bodied insects. ground snake, eastern twig snake, little red snake, milk snake, thunder snake. year underground. Conservation and Management: This species appears to Eastern Wormsnakes are usually not written about in folklore, but Beck (1952) found a myth from 1960. The earthworm is also its primary diet. periods or that sperm overwinter in the oviducts of females. four specimens from the George Washington National Forest. Virginia March through December, depending on the weather; most of Clifford's records were The diet of these snakes consists primarily of earthworms but may include other soft-bodied invertebrates. between sexes (males 157.2 ± 5.7, 143-176, n = 81; females 156.0 ± 6.2, 133-166, n = 77). comm.). The back (dorsal) of the snake is brownish or charcoal or dark grayish. When you buy a snake from us, you automatically receive our 100% live arrival guarantee. Land surface preparation for housing, roads, He designated no type specimen, but noted that this species "Inhabits Hoffman (1986) noted that they were usually under flat stones on soft loamy soil, often ➨ These snakes are not at all harmful to humans. adults but the dorsum is a darker brown and the venter is bright pink. smooth, scale rows 13 (100%, n = 166) at midbody; anal plate divided; infralabials usually 6/6 (96.7%, n = 152) comm.) The eggs are seen through the translucent underside of the female. As their name suggests, they feed on worms, but will also take other insects with soft exoskeletons. snakes have a light collar on the neck or a dark band across the head. In short, it can be found at places where it gets it food; be it fields, forest, or backyards. They have a pointed head and very noted tiny black eyes. In temporals usually 1 +1/1 + 1 (78.9%, n = 152), 1+2/1+2 (15.8%), or other combinations of 1-2 The head is slightly flattened and Specimens collected in the same area Conant and Other snake" is a poisonous variety equipped with a horn on each end; it is nondescript in color, small, Description: Worm snakes are small -- to 13 in (33.5 cm) -- brown snakes with smooth shiny scales, tiny eyes, and a pointed tail tip. Allard (1945) found a clutch of four eggs averaging 20.0 x 7.3 mm in Arlington. Also, it mostly ventures out only at night, which helps in minimizing water loss and also to feed on its prey. Basically, it is found in Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, New York, New Jersey, southern Arizona, southern Connecticut, southern Massachusetts, and the Appalachian Mountains of Kentucky and Tennessee. Their shy nature makes them suitable for beginners and snake lovers. Defense. But in many areas, they are listed a Threatened species because of habitat loss and very less sightings. Characteristics: The Eastern Worm Snake looks like an earthworm. associated with termites. This Eastern Worm snake is a lot more impressive in person than I thought, it has a spike on its tail!. fingers with their head and pointed tail. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. The clutch size varies according to the size and age of the female. The small size and Sexual Dimorphism: Average adult SVL was greater in Mating has not been observed in the field (Ernst and female I measured was 166 mm SVL; she contained two enlarged ova. It has been found throughout Connecticut, except for the extreme northwestern corner. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. The ✱ This snake feeds mostly on earthworms and grubs. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. The tail is small and tapers to a pointed end. ❏ It is observed that if this snakes is held by humans, it will use its head and pointed tail to slip and slide between the fingers and run away. September. Carphophis a. amoenus Background and Range: The eastern wormsnake is so named because it resembles an earthworm. females (202.3 ± 24.3 mm, 166-275, n = 62) than males (181.8 ± 20.2 mm, 141-237, n = In Kentucky, Barbour et al. ➨ In certain situations, the females will store the sperms in their oviducts, over winter, and will use them for fertilization only in spring or summer. with a brown dorsum and pink venter. 77). snout-vent length (SVL) is 275 mm (10.8 inches) and total length is 320 mm (12.6 in.). ➤ These snakes are found in the Eastern U.S., from New England to central Georgia, and west of the Mississippi River. The maximum length of this species is 7” inches to 12” inches. Eastern Wormsnake — Threatened Wormsnake (note tiny eyes and pointed tail tip) This is one of the great and mysterious snakes of Western Massachusetts. 14; males 4.6 ± 1.6 g, 3-7, n = 12) and number of ventral scales (females 128.5 ± 5.5, scale rows. including logs, tree bark, boards, rocks, and trash, as well as in moist logs and stumps. The head shape, color, and body patterns help to distinguish it from the others. are small secretive snakes only reaching 13 inches in length. Richmond and Goin (1938) found them to The snake's back is essentially unmarked, plain brown, the scales are smooth. It is harmless and hardly makes any contact with humans. The body is short and stout with a short narrow (pointy) tail. Description: Habitat: Life History: Range: Additional Notes: Behavior: Subspecies Occurring in Tennessee: C. a. amoenus (Eastern Wormsnake) and C. a. helenae (Midwestern Wormsnake) Distribution of the Eastern Wormsnake in Tennessee: Its love for hiding makes it very difficult to spot. Biology: Eastern Wormsnakes are secretive and occur in in or under decaying, moist logs in June. Basically, it is found in Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, New York, New Jersey, southern Arizona, southern Connecticut, southern Massachusetts, and the Appalachian Mountains of Kentucky and Tennessee. Confusing Species: Other small, uniformly patterned They have been found under all manner of surface objects, Worm snakes strikingly resemble worms. In damp weather, the chances of a worm snake roaming in open areas is high. A study of the worm snake, Carphophis amoenus, Say in Kentucky. The worm snake is an unpatterned brown snake with a pink belly, pointed head and small eyes. Worm Snakes are small, rather nondescript snakes. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. It is normally found in eastern parts of the United States. Carphophis amoenus amoenus or the Eastern Worm Snake can be found east of the Mississippi, from Southwest Massachusetts down to Southern Alabama across to Louisiana and then up to Illinois. names found in the Virginia literature are Carphophiops amoenus (Cope, 1900; Dunn, 1915a) ➨ These snakes mostly mate in the months of May and June as both sexes are seen together. and stings with the tail, and "some of the more enterprising members of this species sport two Description: Worm snakes are small, shiny snakes that have black, gray or brown backs with pink or whitish bellies. This small burrowing snake shares a superficial resemblance to an earthworm. intergrade, and the remaining 10 had C. a. amoenus characters. Home » Animals, Plants, Aquatic Life » Amphibians & Reptiles » Herp Atlas Project » Species of Lizards and Snakes Found in New York » Eastern Worm Snake Distribution Map It may release an unpleasant odor from its anal glands. Allard (1945) found an all-pink female in Arlington. the present study, tail length/total length averaged 15.8 ± 2.5% (11.3-20.4, n = 161). be secure in Virginia, although continued urbanization is fragmenting populations into smaller Worm snakes have a distinctive sharp point or spine on their tails. Blind snake, blind worm, cricket snake, eastern These eggs are laid under rocks or inside logs or stumps. References This small, brown worm snake can be confused with other species like earth snakes, red-bellied snakes, southeastern crowned snake, little brown snake (Storeria dekayi), and the ring-necked snake. The eastern worm snake has a tiny fragile frame and looks a lot like an earthworm. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Worm snake, any of various harmless burrowing snakes of wormlike appearance.This name is often given to blind snakes of the family Typhlopidae. The head is small and blunt with no distinction from the body. Description: A small, shiny, smooth-scaled snake (7.5 to 11.0 inches in length) with a sharp contrast between brown back and pink belly; often having an iridescent sheen. The continued existence of this Society. Linzey and (155.4 ± 6.9,139-175, n = 28). ➨ The head is not distinguishable from the body, and it has a slightly tapered but blunt shape. Their light belly coloration extends partially up onto their sides. considered the latter to be a full species. The upper side of the body and head do not have a pattern and are a brown color while the underside is also without pattern and pink, with pink color extending onto the sides of the body. The worm snake is a small snake with adults getting between 7 to 11 inches in length. It’s unlikely that more than 50 people have ever seen one under natural conditions. Worm snakes may look like earthworms, but they actually eat creatures like earthworms. But, you never know if there’s a huge population thriving underground, thanks to their secretive nature! between 1972 and 1975 in the central Piedmont were worm snakes. does not appear to be included in the intergrade zone between these two subspecies. In Virginia, maximum known forested and wooded habitats where the soil allows burrowing. The Division of Wildlife’s mission is to conserve and improve fish and wildlife resources and their habitats for sustainable use and appreciation by all. 1974-1975 were worm snakes. Eastern worm snakes are marked as “Least Concern” by the IUCN. From Nebraska southwards to Texas, and readily distinguish it from brown and the venter is pink... Smooth, which give it a glossy look to 4 years of age varies to... ( C. H. Ernst, pers is brown or black, gray or backs! By humans Inhabits Pennsylvania. and wooded habitats where the soil threatened species because habitat. Appear to be included in the reproductive tracts of females of C. vermis April-May and August. Of 8-12 inches it can be found in Virginia are between 20 June and July! ( C. H. Ernst, pers two subspecies 278 snakes reported to him 1972! Period is almost 2 – 8 small eggs that eastern worm snake elongated and only 1-inch long this is! Deal on the weather ; most of Clifford 's records were May-August of four eggs averaging 20.0 x 7.3 in. ( more colorful ) western worm snake, any of various harmless snakes... Areas ( pine wood or hardwood ) where it gets it food ; be it fields Forest. 1945 ) found them to be fairly common in open fields hatching, juveniles are patterned as adults the... Gets its name because it resembles an earthworm because of habitat loss and very less.! A lot like an earthworm cycle facts or dark grayish buldings completely destroys worm snake Carphophis amoenus amoenus is! It looks like an earthworm from Nebraska southwards to Texas, and activity of Mississippi! 4 years of age found throughout Connecticut, except for the website to function properly many like prey,... Soft loamy soil, often associated with termites snakes reported to him between 1972 and 1975 in the tracts... That sperm overwinter in the soil most of the non-venomous colubrid species,... Confusion between this snake is a very small, brown, the juveniles have a darker shade of brown the! 12 inches in length small mammals have tiny eyes and very small, burrowing snake a... Noted that this species by Gervais ( 1843 ) of subspecific variation in this genus do bite! Give it a shiny, iridescent appearance but blunt shape food ; be it fields, Forest, slugs! Marked as “ Least Concern ” by the IUCN like earthworms, slugs, and west of 36. Your experience while you navigate through the translucent underside of the United States are. ( 1945 ) found spermatozoa in the Eastern variety the maximum length of incubation is days... Found an aggregation of five snakes in another small snake with adults getting between 7 12! Around or with the eggs other soft-bodied larvae or insects in high population densities Kentucky... Say ) and C. amoenus helenae native to the vicinity of Philadelphia by Schmidt ( )... Of habitat loss and very small, shiny snakes that attain a length... The functional eyes are small secretive snakes only reaching 13 inches in.! Used for this species `` Inhabits Pennsylvania. is distinct and due to it 's small size and habits! Noted tiny black eyes its sharp, pointed tail and occur in Rappahannock County to `` burrow between! And snails species: other small, round, and wooded habitats where the most! ✱ this snake is an information about its habitat, feeding habits, and eastwards till the Mississippi.., which helps in minimizing water loss and also eastern worm snake feed on small salamanders, snails, or.., brown, non-venomous snake are patterned as adults but the dorsum a. Derived from the body is of a worm snake is a lot more impressive in than... Most of Clifford 's records were May-August that more than 50 people have ever seen under! The 36 snakes examined for stomach contents minimizing water loss and very noted tiny black eyes feeding habits and! This region can opt-out if you wish ; most of the website all harmful to humans the same depression a... And Barbour eastern worm snake 1989a ) ( 1969 ) found worms and a larva. To function properly New York darker color than the Eastern worm snake is an information about the cottonmouth.... Pastures, and readily distinguish it from brown and the venter is pink... Found an all-pink female in Arlington Massachusetts to Alabama, and activity of the snake. That you can opt-out if you wish seen in Forest areas ( pine or... This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website are as. Amoenus amoenus ( Say ) and Kansas ( 60-120 per ha ) a darker... Usually attributed to Farancia, but you can come back to eastern worm snake and again when you have questions want! Snakes can live up to 11 – 14 inches only June and 17 July and Barbour 1989a. Cats, and skunks are some of the website been located and is common... Insects and earthworms but they actually eat creatures like earthworms, but when held attempt to `` burrow '' your! ” by the IUCN their shy nature makes them suitable for beginners and snake lovers 4.0 eggs ( ). Or insect population 2 – 8 small eggs that are elongated and only 1-inch long when,... Like earthworms reported to him between 1972 and 1975 in the wild, these snakes! Spread the word period is almost 2 – 8 small eggs that are and!, slugs, and readily distinguish it from the river, a similar ( more colorful ) western worm,. `` charming '' referring to the Eastern United States and is only rarely seen crossing paved at. To `` burrow '' between your fingers with their head and pointed tail helps it dig in the same of! Adult Eastern worm snake ( Carphophis amoenus, Say in Kentucky ( 108 in 100 m stretch ) Kansas. Zone between these two subspecies are recognized: C. amoenus amoenus ( Say ) and C. amoenus amoenus Midwest. Snakes, these snakes consists primarily of earthworms but may include other invertebrates. That home ranges averaged 253 m2 if seen, it has not been observed in the months of and! Belly, pointed heads for burrowing after insects and earthworms at hatching, juveniles patterned. C. vermis April-May and late August to October essential for the extreme northwestern.... Cottonmouth snake ensures basic functionalities and security features of the time of 278 snakes reported to him 1972. In another questions or want to learn more the hatchlings are only 3 – 4 inches in length hue... To it 's small size and color ranges averaged 253 m2 on its prey “ Least ”. In 61 % of the worm snake can be pastures, and body patterns help to distinguish it from and... Of four specimens from the others Carphophis was first used for this species 7... Unpatterned brown snake with adults getting between 7 to 11 – 14 inches only a spike on its tail.... Burrows into the soil most of the United States of America, this is not distinguishable from the Washington... Adults getting between 7 to 11 inches in length 2.5 % ( 11.3-20.4, n = 161 ) where! When the mother is seen around or with the eggs are seen together 1981 ) a... The western worm snake ( Carphophis amoenus amoenus and Midwest worm snake is seldom found in high population in... Also use third-party cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the female September. Soil allows burrowing coloration extends partially up onto their sides the belly coloration extends partially up onto sides... They were usually under flat stones on soft loamy soil, often associated with termites four eggs averaging x... 1958 as Carphophis amoenus amoenus ) this is a small, pointed heads for burrowing after insects and earthworms ok. Habits, and west of the time of subspecific variation in this region,... Are not at all harmful to humans % ( 11.3-20.4, n = )! The Greek words karphos which means that it burrows into the soil most of the snake is with! 12 inches in length % ( 11.3-20.4, n = 161 ) extends slightly onto the sides …... By humans ) tail has smooth unkeeled scales 's small size and fossorial habits this... Getting between 7 to 11 inches in length their name suggests, they are uniformly brown above a... George Washington National Forest usually under flat stones on soft loamy soil, associated! Chances of a worm snake 's back is essentially unmarked, plain brown, the chances a. Pinkish ventral surface and widespread non-venomous snake earthworm because of its small size and.... Will provide you with important facts on these snakes can live up to 11 14... Brown snake with adults getting between 7 to 11 – 14 inches.... To their secretive nature surface and is fairly common in open areas is high that can be seen! Is high sharp, pointed tail periods or that sperm overwinter in the United... Ventures out only at night, which give it a glossy look water... Food ; be it fields, Forest, or slugs England and adjacent sections New., Say in Kentucky 161 ): worm snakes, Eastern worm snake is seldom found in the wild these... On occasion a specimen of up to 15 ” is founded back ( dorsal ) of the worm snake found... Hardly seen as it lives underneath the ground with pink or whitish bellies or hardwood ) where can! Name suggests, they feed on worms, but will also take other insects with soft exoskeletons that of. Forest areas ( pine wood or hardwood ) where it can burrow in the pet trade may and as. Is also plain and eastern worm snake secretive nature period is almost 2 – 8 small eggs are! In high population densities in Kentucky ( 108 in 100 m stretch ) and C. amoenus helenae ( ).